Inclusive development is a contested, values-based ideology.
Modern societies protect the vulnerable and marginalised and do so by providing people with security. This requires them to be inclusive and to take seriously the question “Does the system work for the many?” We need to grapple with power and influence, and how they are used, if people at the margin are to be included in the process and outcomes of development.
In spite of Tanzania’s low Gini coefficient the elite have captured decision-making and resources. The result is that the majority is marginalised; and some are more marginalised than others.
Inclusive development requires effective government. An inclusively developed state is one where everyone has a stake; and where the benefits of development are shared by all.
“You can’t have inclusive development if there is flagrant taking of advantage.”
Inclusive development is progressive aspiration to build the nation’s social and human capital. The desired end being a society that possesses a moral agency, that recognises interdependence and that possesses a socio-centric concern with each other’s well-being. The Tanzanian Government’s vision is of a self-reliant and independent nation.